Byzantine, Longobard, Carolingian Cividale

The fragments of sculptures and the liturgical objects shown in the second part of the lapidary section, together with the masterpieces of the Museo Cristiano, the Dome and the so-called Tempietto Longobardo, prove the richness of the architectural decoration of worship places in Cividale between 6th and 9th centuries.

These are mainly items from the presbitery: capitals and columns, arches from pergulae, tabernacles, teguri of the baptismal fonts, parapets and pilasters relevant in the precincts. The collection includes decorative motifs, derived from Late Antiquity often deeply modified over time (rosettes, spindle whorls, racemes), and innovative patterns largely influenced by  Germanic and Oriental decoration (plants, S-patterns, geometric patterns).

Some of them are related to Early-Christian age, many others are related to some Early Middle age phases corresponding to precise moments of liturgical renewal of the apparatus: the Renaissance of Liutprandus and the Callixtus age (712-756), the age of Sigualdus (756-787), the Carolingian period (late 8th - early 9th century).